Jambes sans repos (impatiences)

<<Les syndromes desjambes sans repos” et des “mouvements périodiques nocturnes” sont souvent associés, et s’accompagnent généralement d’une insomnie. Car dès que l’on prend la position allongée (ou même assise, parfois), voilà que les jambes “agacent”, “brûlent”, “picotent” et bien souvent forcent à se lever. Ou comment se transformer en véritable “promeneur nocturne”, cherchant en vain la paix des jambes. Dans certains cas, ces dernières s’agitent même seules, sans moyen des les immobiliser. Et la journée, bien sûr, grosse fatigue… Souvent, on erre de consultations en bilans diagnostiques inutiles (doppler, radios, avis psychiatrique, prescription d’antidépresseurs, de somnifères…), parce que les causes peuvent être variées, depuis une maladie nerveuse jusqu’à un excès d’acide urique (hyperuricémie), en passant par une carence en vitamines (B12, B9) en magnésium ou en fer.

DES JAMBES SANS REPOS – zespół niespokojnych nóg (Eng: RLS – Restless Legs Syndrome)

UNE POSITION ALLONGEE – pozycja lezaca

UNE POSITION ASSISE – pozycja siedzaca

PICOTER – szczypac

SE LEVER – wstawac

EN VAIN – na prozno

IMMOBILISER – unieruchomic

UNE GROSSE FATIGUE – wielkie zmeczenie

ERRER- bladzic

UN AVIS PYSCHIATRIQUE – opinia psychiatry

DES SOMNIFERES – srodki nasenne

UNE CARENCE – niedobor

DU FER – zelazo

Les conseils:

Avant de vous coucher, massez les jambes de bas en haut (des chevilles jusqu’en haut des cuisses) en utilisant un mélange suivant:

HE lavande officinale 1 goutte

HE marjolaine des jardins 2 gouttes

HE cyprés de Provence 3 gouttes

HV arnica 1 cuillère à soupe

HE: huile essentielle

HV: huile végétale

Recommencez tous les soirs jusqu’à la disparition des “impatiences”.

Le syndrome des jambes sans repos est aggravé par la caféine et la grossesse. Allez y doucement sur le café, voire le thé, si vous ne voulez pas que votre cas empire.>>

SE COUCHER – klasc sie do lozka

DE BAS EN HAUT – z gory na dol (tutaj z dolu do gory)

DES CHEVILLES – kostki

DES CUISSES – uda

UN MELANGE – mieszanka

LAVANDE OFFICINALE – lawenda lekarska, waskolistna

MARJOLAINE DES JARDINS – majeranek ogrodowy

CYPRES – cyprys

ARNICA – arnika

HUILE ESSENTIELE – olejek eteryczny

HUILE VEGETALE – olejek roslinny

AGGRAVER, EMPIRER – pogorszyc

 

Source: Festy, Danièle (2008): “Ma Bible des Huiles Essentielles”.

Bonne lecture et bon apprentissage ❤

syndrome-des-jambes-sans-repos

Micha

Cold sore (herpes)

cold-soresCold sore is caused by the herpes simplex virus. Once contracted, the virus lies dormant in the body and tends to reactivate if you become run down or stressed, or after sudden exposure to very hot or cold weather. Some women suffer an attack during menstruation. Others find that after eating large amounts of nuts or chocolate containing the amino acid arginine, on which the virus thrives, they can get an attack. As sugar triggers inflammation and lowers immune function, the intake of any sugar in the form of refined foods should be reduced. Certain people notice that eating too much dairy produce from cows may also be debilitating.

cold sore (herpes) – opryszczka

to lie dormant – to stay not active

refined foods – processed foods that lack many of the nutrients

dairy produce – milk, butter and cheese products

debilitating – weakening

Friendly foods are lean meats (turkey, chicken, white fish, salmon, lean pork), plain live yoghurt, quinoa, goat’s cheese, garlic and onions. Calendula tincture can be also dabbed directly onto the sores.

plain – ordinary

live yoghurt – fermented with live culture bacteria

to dab onto – to touch gently with something soft

At the onset of the attack, one should take up 4 grams of lysine and vitamin C daily (many companies now make lysine and vitamin C together). 500 g of propolis daily also help to prevent further attacks as it is strongly anti-viral.

at the onset of = at the beginning of

lysine  – an amino acid that is necessary for growth and healthy bones

propolis – bee glue (kit pszczeli)

Source: Courteney, H., Langley, S., Zeal, G. (2011) “500 of the most important health tips you’ll ever need”

Have a great week,

Micha !

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the outer surface membrane that lines the eye. This can be triggered by an external allergen, such as perfume or an insect spray, in which case the eyes are usually very red, itchy and irritated. But if conjunctivitis is caused by bacteria or a virus, this can be accompanied by a yellow or white mucus-type discharge and needs to be treated by a doctor. People who suffer chronic conjunctivitis are often very run down, their immune system is under functioning and they are usually deficient in vitamins A, C and D.

Pink-eye

the conjunctiva – spojówka

conjunctivitis – zapalenie spojówek

an inflammation – zapalenie

to line – wyścielać

to trigger – wywołać

an allergen – alergen

itchy – swędzący

a discharge – wydzielina

run-down (adj) – wyczerpany

deficient in – cierpiący na niedobór

Conjunctivis is highly contagious when caused by a viral infection. Be really careful not to use the same handkerchief or tissue to wipe both eyes. Be scrupulous with hygiene and make sure no one else uses your towels, make-up or pillow.

Chamomile and calendula herbal teas can be used to make warm compresses to soothe the eye. The heat also helps kill the bacteria that cause the infection.

Many eye drops are actually made from urine. Urea is an important component that helps to break down mucus deposits and has anti-microbial actions. Bathing the eyes in fresh urine, which is a sterile liquid, on a cotton wool pad can help to alleviate most eye problems. Echinacea, eyebright and bilberry tincture (1 to 4 ml a day) may also be useful.

chamomile (camomile)  – rumianek

calendula (marigold) – nagietek

to soothe = to alleviate – ukoić

urine – mocz

urea – mocznik

mucus deposits – złogi śluzu

a cotton wool pad – wacik kosmetyczny

eyebright – świetlik

a bilberry – czarna jagoda

tincture – nalewka

Source: Courteney, H., Langley, S., Zeal, G. (2011) “500 of the most important health tips you’ll ever need”

Best,

Micha 😀

Fallen arches

Most people when standing have a gap between the inner side of the foot and the ground they are standing on – this is called the arch. Fallen arches – also known as flat feet – happen when there is a flat arch and the foot rolls over, so there is little or no gap. Symptoms depend on the severity of the condition, but corns, hard skin under the sole of the foot, and a tender arch area are common and shoes will tend to wear out quickly.

FLAT FEET = FALLEN ARCHES – płaskostopie

A GAP – szpara

AN ARCH – łuk

TO ROLL OVER – przewracać się z boku na bok

CORNS – odciski

SOLE – podeszwa stopy

TO WEAR OUT – zużyć się

In severe cases calf, knee, hip or back pain can be experienced. Fallen arches may be hereditary, but in most cases are caused by abnormal walking where the joints in the foot roll in too much. Fallen arches can also cause plantar faciitis, a painful condition where the tight band of connective tissue in the arch of the foot becomes highly inflamed. A ruptured tendon can also lead to a flat foot, as can cerebral palsy, spina bifida and muscular dystrophy.

A CALF – łydka

HEREDITARY – dziedziczny

JOINTS – stawy

TO ROLL IN – napływać

CONNECTIVE TISSUE  – tkanka łączna

INFLAMED – w stanie zapalnym

A RUPTURED TENDON – zerwane ścięgno

CEREBRAL PALSY – porażenie mózgowe

SPINA BIFIDA – rozszczep kręgosłupa tylny

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY – dystrofia (zaburzenia tkanki mięśniowej)

One has to find a qualified chiropodist or podiatrist who will be able to prescribe individual orthotics – inserts made specifically for feet, which give all the support needed. Otherwise, large chemists and foot specialists, such as Scholl, offer a variety of orthotic inserts especially to support arches.

A CHIROPODIST (BrEng) / A PODIATRIST (AmEng) – lekarz leczący choroby stóp

ORTHOTICS (INSERTS) – ortezy

A CHEMIST – apteka, drogeria

Source: Courteney, Hazel (2011), “500 of the most important health tips you’ll ever need”.

Fallen-Arches-Flat-Feet-Flat-Foot-Treatment

Good night, Micha ❤

Thyme and sage tea

A simple and savoury blend of thyme and sage makes a tea both delicious and medicinal. It’s a comforting way to soothe a sore throat, strep throat or help clear the sinuses using all natural ingredients and a little bit of prep.

SAVOURY – smaczny (having a pleasant taste or smell)

BLEND – połączenie (something produced by mixing)

THYME – tymianek

SAGE – szałwia

MEDICINAL – leczniczy (having the power to heal)

TO SOOTHE – ukoić (to ease)

SORE – bolący (painful)

STREP THROAT – a painful infection of the throat caused by streptococcus bacteria (paciorkowiec)

SINUSES – zatoki

PREP = preparation

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Ingredients : 

  • 1 tbsp fresh thyme (tbsp = tablespoon)
  • 1 tbsp fresh sage
  • 3-4 cups cold water
  • 1 lemon rind, chopped
  • honey

1) In a large teapot, bring the water to a simmer and quickly remove from the heat. You’ll need the water not to be scorching hot as this diminishes the qualities and nutrition of the herbs. Just hot enough to brew is perfect.

A TEAPOT – czajniczek

BRING THE WATER TO A SIMMER – gotować na wolnym ogniu (to cause to cook gently)

SCORCHING HOT – wrzący (very hot)

TO BREW – parzyć np. kawę, herbatę (to make tea, coffee)

2) In a tea ball or sachet, fill with the herbs and lemon rind bits. Secure the lid or sachet tightly.

TEA BALL – zaparzaczka do herbaty (tea infuser)

TEA SACHET/BAG – torebka

LEMON RIND – skórka cytryny

LID – pokrywka (a cover for a pot)

3) Steep in the pot for 10 minutes. Remove the tea ball/sachet.

TO STEEP – namaczać (to soak thoroughly)

4) Serve among tea cups with honey if preferred.

Source: http://www.wikihow.com/Make-Thyme-and-Sage-Tea

SMACZNEGO 🙂

Plants

Dear Readers,

Some portion of new words for today !  We will go briefly through a text about plants.

“Plants are autotrophs which means that they manufacture food molecules from simple, inorganic sources by the process of photosynthesis using light as a source of energy. Plants all contain the light-absorbing pigment called chlorophyll inside cells which have a definite cellulose cell wall.

AUTOTROPHS – organizmy samożywne

PHOTOSYNTHESIS – fotosynteza

CHLOROPHYLL – chlorofil

DEFINITE – wyznaczony

CELLULOSE – celulozowa

A CELL WALL – ściana komórkowa

The first plants lived in water, but as living organisms evolved, plant forms developed that could live on land. The classification of plants into groups follows the sequence of evolution and so we can list: algaemossesferns and seed plants.

Algae and mosses cannot grow far away from water, but ferns and flowering plants (angiosperms) are much better adapted to life on land.

ALGAE (sg or pl) – glony

MOSSES – mchy

FERNS – paprocie

SEED PLANTS – rośliny nasienne

TO ADAPT TO – przystosować się

The angiosperms or flowering plants are the most successful of plants. They have evolved into many species and have colonised almost every available habitat. More than 80% of all plants are angiosperms (plants with enclosed seeds).

There are two major subgroups within the angiosperms. In one group there is a single cotyledon in the seed – these are the monocotyledons. In the other group there are two cotyledons – these are the dicotyledons.

Plants respond to many stimuli, but two are of particular importance: light (the photo-stimulus) and gravity (the gravi-stimulus). A growth response carried out by a plant in response to the direction of a stimulus is called a tropism.”

ANGIOSPERMS – okrytonasienne

HABITAT – środowisko życia

SUBGROUPS – podgrupy

A COTYLEDON – liścień

MONOCOTYLEDONS – jednoliścienne

DICOTYLEDONS – dwuliścienne

A STIMULUS (pl STIMULI) – bodziec

GRAVITY – przyciąganie ziemskie

TROPISM – tropizm (reakcja roślin na bodźce)

Source: “Complete Biology for Cambridge IGCSE” by Ron Pickering

Good night ❤

Micha

How to classify living organisms ?

The science of placing organisms into categories on the basis of their observable features is called classification. The features can be inherited by successive generations of the species and show variation. The offspring are often different from one another and from their parents. This is important in adaptation to the environment and in the process of evolution. The study of the organisms would be impossible without an ordered way of classifying them which proves important for life conservation and the understanding of evolutionary relationships.

People who study classification, taxonomists, place organisms into groups by asking questions about their characteristics, e.g. “Is the organism made up of many different cells? “, “Is the organism a heterothroph (getting food from animals or plants)? “, etc. A series of such questions is called a classification key traditionally based on morphology and anatomy.

There are five large groups called kingdoms:

  • PLANTS
  • FUNGI
  • ANIMALS
  • PROTISTS
  • PROKARYOTES / MONERA

and in Latin:

04-23_WhittakerTax_L

The Swedish biologist Carolus Linnaeus gave organisms known to science a two-part name based entirely on the body structure of organisms paving the way for a binomial system of nomenclature.

In 1980 Carl Woese proposed that living organisms can be classified into three superkingdoms or domains: ARCHAEA, BACTERIA, EUKARYOTA based on each group’s specific rRNA and biochemical differences. As Linnaeus knew nothing about DNA profile, nowadays scientists can compare DNA profiles of different species.

Keys can be used within a kingdom to place any species into further groups: phylum, class, order, family, genus, species > creating a hierarchy of classification. On moving down the hierarchy of groups, ther are more similarities and fewer differences betweeen the members.

To sum up, I would like to present you with the example of “lion” being classified:

Domain: Eukaryota

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata (vertebrate)

Class: Mammalia (having fur and mammalian glands)

Order: Carnivora (having carnassial (flesh-cutting) teeth)

Family: Felidae (having retractable claws)

Genus: Panthera (big cat that roars)

Species: Panthera leo (binomial nomenclature) => LION 

Source: Pickering, Ron: “Complete Biology for Cambridge IGCSE”, Oxford University Press, 2014

Have a nice weekend ❤

Micha